1994 Agreement Implementation Part Xi
While the Secretary-General of the United Nations receives the instruments of ratification and accession and the United Nations supports the meetings of States parties to the Convention, the United Nations does not play a direct operational role in the implementation of the Convention. However, organizations such as the International Maritime Organization, the International Whaling Commission and the International Seabed Authority (ISA) play a role. (The ISA was established by the United Nations Convention.) In response to that request, an information note was prepared on 8 April 1993. This briefing note consisted of two parts: [MYTH]: The problems identified by President Reagan in 1983 were not resolved by the 1994 Agreement on Deep-Sea Mining.24 This is not true – in fact, all objections were raised. Among others, the 1994 agreement: during the first round in 1994 (from 31 to 4 January). A revised version of the November 1993 Boat Paper was discussed during the consultations. This revision took into account the discussions that took place during the Secretary-General`s informal consultations in November 1993. The work of the current round of consultations has focused on a number of key issues: this Convention shall enter into force 30 days after the date on which 40 States have given their consent to the undertaking referred to in articles 4 and 5, provided that those States include at least seven of the States referred to in subparagraph (l)(a) of resolution II of the Third United Nations Conference on the law of the sea (hereinafter referred to as). resolution II) and that at least five of those States are developed States. If these conditions for entry into force are fulfilled before 16 November 1994, this Agreement shall enter into force on 16 November 1994. The Annex shall form an integral part of this Agreement. (iii) an interpretative agreement on the establishment of a first authority and a first undertaking during a transitional regime, accompanied by a procedural agreement for the convening of a conference to determine the final arrangements for the commercial production of deep-sea bottom minerals as soon as such production has become possible; In cases where, under the agreements referred to in subparagraph (b), it is established that a State Party has provided subsidies that are prohibited or have adverse effects on the interests of another State Party and in which the State Party or States Parties concerned have not taken appropriate measures, a State Party may request the Council to take appropriate measures.
States which have accepted its adoption by the General Assembly of the United Nations, with the exception of States which have notified the Depositary in writing before 16 November 1994 that it will not apply this Convention or that it will not accept such application before subsequent signature or written notification; Considering that a convention on the implementation of Part XI would best meet this objective, the States parties concerned, if they are parties to such agreements, shall have recourse to the dispute settlement procedures of those agreements. All such States and bodies shall apply this Convention provisionally in accordance with their national or national laws, regulations and administrative provisions with effect from 16 November 1994 or from the date of signature, notification of consent or accession, whichever is the later. the acquisition of scientific knowledge and the monitoring of the development of marine technologies relevant to activities in the region, in particular technologies for the protection and conservation of the marine environment; (iv) A supplementary agreement to the Convention providing for the transition from the initial phase to the final settlement, in particular the Authority would be responsible for developing solutions to the outstanding issues at the time of the entry into force of the Convention; The issue of different claims to territorial waters was raised at the UN in 1967 by Arvid Pardo of Malta, and in 1973 the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea met in New York. In an attempt to reduce the possibility of nation-state groups dominating the negotiations, the conference used a consensus process instead of majority voting. With more than 160 countries participating, the conference lasted until 1982. The resulting Convention entered into force on 16 November 1994, one year after the 60th State, Guyana, ratified the treaty. The Convention was opened for signature on 10 December 1982 and entered into force on 16 November 1994 with the deposit of the 60th instrument of ratification.  The Convention has been ratified by 168 Parties, including 167 States (164 UN Member States plus the Un Observer State Palestine, as well as the Cook Islands, Niue and the European Union).  In the early 20th century, some countries expressed a desire to expand national demands: to include mineral resources, to protect fish stocks, and to provide the means to enforce pollution controls. (The League of Nations convened a conference in The Hague in 1930, but no agreement was reached. ) Applying the principle of customary international law of a nation`s right to protect its natural resources, President Harry S.
Truman extended U.S. control to all natural resources on its continental shelf in 1945. Other nations soon followed. Between 1946 and 1950, Chile, Peru and Ecuador extended their rights to a distance of 200 nautical miles (370 km) to cover their Humboldt Current fishing grounds. Other countries have extended their territorial waters to 12 nautical miles (22 km).  As a general rule, States Parties shall encourage international technical and scientific cooperation in activities in the region, either among the Parties concerned or through the development of training, technical assistance and scientific cooperation programmes in the fields of marine science and technology and the protection and conservation of the marine environment. During the last round of consultations in 1993 (8-12 September). November), the participants had three documents: the information note of 4 June 1993; a new version of the „boat paper“ combining the two annexes of the original document into one; and a paper submitted by the delegation of Sierra Leone entitled „Convention for the Implementation of Part XI and Annexes III and IV to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea“. At that November meeting, the participants concluded the consideration of all the items in the information note of 4 June 1993.
Following consideration of these issues, delegations began to revisit the issue of „costs to States parties and institutional arrangements“, but this time mainly on the basis of the „boat document“. The first part of the meeting focused on the outstanding substantive issues and solutions were found for some of these issues. However, delegations continued to seek solutions to issues such as the treatment of registered pioneer investors and the issue of representation on the Board. The second part of the meeting was devoted to the harmonization of the language versions of the draft resolution and the draft agreement. The last part dealt with the decisions to be taken in preparation for the resumed forty-eighth session of the General Assembly for the adoption of the draft resolution and the draft agreement. The payment system may be reviewed periodically, taking into account changing circumstances. All amendments shall be applied in a non-discriminatory manner. Such amendments may apply to existing contracts only at the choice of the contractor. Any subsequent modification of the choice between other systems shall be made by agreement between the Authority and the contractor; On the basis of those revisions, the draft resolution and the draft Convention on the Implementation of Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea were revised in their entirety and a revised text was submitted on 8 April 1994, the last day of the session. The objective of the consultations was to achieve wider participation of the major industrialized countries in the Convention in order to achieve the goal of universality. The consultations resulted in an outcome that served as a basis for general agreement on the issues that were the subject of the consultations […].